Only fast Friday if combined with Thursday, but he who unknowingly fasts on Friday alone is then obliged to fast on Saturday – Shaikh al-Albaani

~Reconciling between the two hadeeths:
‘Don’t fast on Saturday unless it is obligated upon you, and even if you don’t find anything but a bark of a tree, chew on it’[1]
&
‘Don’t fast on Friday except by also fasting a day before it or a day after it’[2]~

Shaikh al-Albaani:

“The one who has in his mind this general prohibition of all fasts that fall on Saturdays except those that are obligatory which must be done, we say to him: don’t fast on Friday to thereafter fast on Saturday. As for the one who fasts on Friday (alone) because he doesn’t have knowledge of this prohibition, then we say to him: fast Saturday along with Friday.

There is still the generality of the hadeeth: ‘Don’t fast on Saturday unless it is obligated upon on.’ It does not contradict with the command to fast on Saturday with Friday for the one who has already fasted on FridayIn such a case, his fasting on Friday singly is prohibited, so to be free from falling into this prohibition, he is obligated to fast on Saturday.

Whoever fasts on Friday not knowing that it is forbidden to fast on it alone, then he (also) fasts on Saturday, because he is obliged to fast in this situation. But the one who knows, then he is not allowed to fast on Friday except if he had already fasted on the Thursday before it.”

[1] Saheeh at-Tirmidhee 744, Saheeh Ibn Maajah 1413
[2] Saheeh al-Bukhaari 1985

[silsilatul-hudaa wa-nnoor 495/4 & 669/24 / asaheeha translations]

Only fast Friday if combined with Thursday, but he who unknowingly fasts on Friday alone is then obliged to fast on Saturday – Shaikh al-Albaani

Not fasting on the Day of ‘Arafah or ‘Aashooraa that coincides with Saturday is not a loss, but two gains – Shaikh al-Albaani

Q: “What is the ruling of fasting on the Day of ‘Aashooraa or ‘Arafah if it coincides with Saturday?”

Shaikh al-Albaani:

“With regard to (the hadeeth) ‘Don’t fast on Saturday,’ some people are under the false impression that if we leave off fasting on Saturday due to it coinciding with the Day of ‘Aashooraa or the Day of ‘Arafah or the like, then we would lose the excellence of fasting on one of these two days that coincided with Saturday. No, we would not lose, (rather) we would make two gains.

The first gain is that we have submitted our hearts and souls to the statement of our Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam): ‘Don’t fast on Saturday unless it is obligated upon you, and even if you don’t find anything but a bark of a tree, chew on it’ [1]. Hence we have followed this hadeeth because fasting on the Day of ‘Arafah and fasting on the Day of ‘Aashooraa are not obligatory. The Messenger (‘alayhi ssalaam) only made obligatory fasts an exception – if they coincide with Saturday, it is allowed to fast them, (but) those fasts other than the obligatory ones, we were prohibited from fasting them (if they coincide with Saturday).

The second gain is that we are included in the likes of his (‘alayhi ssalaam) statement: ‘Whoever leaves something for Allaah’s Sake, Allaah will replace it for him with something better’[2]. So we have left fasting on the Day of ‘Arafah due to it coinciding with Saturday. We have not lost the fast of the Day of ‘Arafah. Why? Because we have left it for the sake of Allaah, so Allaah will replace it for us with something better. The same thing is said even more so regarding the fast of the Day of ‘Aashooraa.”

[1] Saheeh at-Tirmidhee 744, Saheeh Ibn Maajah 1413
[2] Shaikh al-Albaani graded it authentic in Hijaabul-Mar.ah p.49

[silsilatul-hudaa wa-nnoor 211/6 / asaheeha translations]

Not fasting on the Day of ‘Arafah or ‘Aashooraa that coincides with Saturday is not a loss, but two gains – Shaikh al-Albaani