Shaking hands when meeting & parting

Abu Hurairah said that: “When the Prophet ﷺ used to see someone off, he would say:

أَسْتَوْدِعُ اللهَ دِينَكَ وَأَمَانَتَكَ وَخَوَاتِيمَ عَمَلِكَ
(I leave your religion, your trusts, and the last of your deeds in Allaah’s protection).”

Shaikh al-Albaani:

“A number of benefits can be derived from this authentic narration. First: the lawfulness of seeing someone off with its statement:

أَسْتَوْدِعُ اللهَ دِينَكَ وَأَمَانَتَكَ وَخَوَاتِيمَ عَمَلِكَ

The traveler then responds to him by saying:

أَسْتَوْدِعُكُمُ اللهَ الَّذِي لا تَضِيعُ وَدَائِعُهُ
(I entrust you to Allaah whose trusts are never lost).[1]

Second: taking hold of one hand when shaking hands (al-musaafahah), which has been mentioned in many narrations. This is what its linguistic derivation indicates, as Lisaan al-`Arab states that: ‘Al-musaafahah is taking hold of the hand, the same as at-tasaafuh. A man shakes hands with another man if he places the safh of his hand in the safh of the other’s hand, safh meaning the front (palm). An example of this is the narration about al-musaafahah upon meeting, which is an interaction of joining one palm to another and turning face-to-face.’ I say: some of the afore-mentioned narrations report this meaning as well, like the marfoo` narration of Hudhaifah: ‘Indeed, if a believer meets another believer then greets him with the salaam and takes hold of his hand and shakes hands with him, their sins fall off as leaves of trees do.’[2] Al-Mundhiri (3/270) said: ‘At-Tabaraani reported it in al-Awsat, and I don’t know of anyone who was refuted among its narrators.’ I say: it has supporting narrations that raise it to the level of saheeh, such as the narration of Anas mentioned by ad-Dhiyaa al-Maqdisi in al-Mukhtaarah (240/2-1) which al-Mundhiri attributed to Ahmad and others. All these narrations show that the way of the Prophet in shaking hands is to take hold of one hand; hence handshaking with both hands which some of the shaikhs do is against the Sunnah, so let this be known.

Third: shaking hands is legislated at the time of parting as well, which is supported by the general meaning of his ﷺ statement: ‘Shaking hands is part of perfecting the greeting of salaam.’ This is a jayyid narration considering its chains of narration, and perhaps we will dedicate a special chapter to it if Allaah تعالى wills. Then I traced these chains of narration and it became clear to me that they are extremely weak, which cannot be used as supporting evidence to strengthen the narration. Hence, I reported it in as-Silsilah adh-Dha`eefah 1288. The basis for using it as evidence, rather supporting evidence, only becomes clear if one remembers the lawfulness of giving the salaam when parting as well due to his ﷺ statement: ‘If one of you enters a gathering then let him give the salaam, and if he goes to leave then let him give the salaam, as the former is not more deserving than the latter.’[3] Abu Daawood, at-Tirmidhi and others reported it with a hasan chain of narration. So what some people say –that shaking hands at the time of parting is an innovation– is baseless. Yes, whoever looks at the narrations about shaking hands upon meeting will find them to be more numerous and stronger than those about shaking hands when parting. A naturally intelligent person will conclude that the lawfulness of the second handshaking is not like the first one in rank. The first one is sunnah and the second one is mustahabb. As for the second one being an innovation, then no, due to the evidence that we mentioned. On the other hand, shaking hands immediately after the prayers is an innovation no doubt, unless it is between two people who had not met before that, in which case it would be sunnah as you learned.”


[1] Saheeh al-Kalim at-Tayyib 168
[2] As-Silsilah as-Saheehah 526
[3] Saheeh Abu Daawood 5208, Saheeh at-Tirmidhi 2706

[as-sisilah as-saheehah 16 / alalbaany.com]

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Shaking hands when meeting & parting

Entering Paradise “for” your deeds

The Prophet ﷺ said: “‘None of you will enter Paradise for his deeds.’ They asked: ‘Not even you O Allaah’s Messenger ﷺ?’ He replied: ‘Not even me, unless Allaah covers me with His Favor and Mercy.’[1]

Shaikh al-Albaani:

“Know that this narration may be problematic to some people and they may presume that it contradicts Allaah’s تعالى statement: {This is the Paradise which you have been made to inherit for what you used to do}[2] and similar verses and narrations which point out that entering Paradise happens for one’s deeds. This has been addressed in several ways, the most correct answer being that: the preposition “for” in the narration means “for the price of,” and the “for” in the verse means “because of.” In other words, righteous deeds are a necessary means to entering Paradise, however they don’t amount to the price for entering Paradise and its everlasting bliss and ranks.”


[1] Saheeh Muslim 2816
[2] Surah Az-Zukhruf 43:72

[as-sisilah as-saheehah 2602 / alalbaany.com]

Entering Paradise “for” your deeds

The Kursi is Allaah’s Footstool

Imaam at-Tahaawiyy said:

The `Arsh (Throne) and the Kursi (Footstool) are real.”

Shaikh al-Albaani:

“Allaah تعالى said about the Kursi: {His Kursi extends over the heavens and the earth}.[1] The Kursi is that which is in front of the `Arsh; and it has been authentically reported that Ibn `Abbaas said: ‘The Kursi is the place for the two Feet, and no one can tell how vast the `Arsh is except Allaah تعالى,’ as narrated in my book Mukhtasar Al-`Uluw lith-Thahabi no. 36.[2]

There isn’t any authentic report ascribable to the Prophet ﷺ regarding the Kursi besides his ﷺ statement: ‘The seven heavens in comparison to the Kursi are just like a ring thrown in a desert, and the greatness of the `Arsh over the Kursi is like the greatness of that desert over that ring.’ This is something which also invalidates interpreting the Kursi as ‘knowledge,’ and this interpretation is not an authentic report from Ibn `Abbaas as I clarified in As-Saheehah no. 109.”


[1] Surah Al-Baqarah 2:255
[2] Abu Musa al-Ash`ari also said: “The Kursi is the place for the two Feet, and it creaks like a camel saddle does under heavy load” –Mukhtasar Al-`Uluw lith-Thahabi no. 85

[al-`aqeedah at-tahaawiyyah sharh wa ta`leeq 49 / alalbaany.com]

The Kursi is Allaah’s Footstool

The rivers of Paradise present in this world

Abu Hurairah (رضي الله عنه) narrated that the Prophet ﷺ said:

1. “Sayhaan, Jayhaan, Al-Furaat (i.e. the Euphrates) and An-Neel (i.e. the Nile) are all rivers of Paradise” – Saheeh, As-Saheehah no. 110.

Abu Hurairah (رضي الله عنه) narrated that the Prophet ﷺ said:

2. “Four rivers are gushed forth from Paradise: Al-Furaat (i.e. the Euphrates), An-Neel (i.e. the Nile), As-Sayhaan and Jayhaan” – Hasan, As-Saheehah no. 111.

Anas bin Maalik (رضي الله عنه) narrated that the Prophet ﷺ said:

2. “(The tree) Sidratul-Muntahaa appeared before me in the seventh heaven; its fruits were (enormous) like jugs from (the town of) Hajar and its leaves were (enormous) like the ears of elephants. Two visible rivers and two hidden rivers were flowing out from its trunk. I said: ‘O Jibreel! What are these?’ He replied: ‘The hidden ones are in Paradise and the visible ones are the Nile and Euphrates.’” – Saheeh, As-Saheehah no. 112.

Shaikh al-Albaani:

“Furthermore, perhaps what is meant by these rivers being from Paradise is that they are originally from there, just like man is originally from Paradise; and such is indicated by the wording of the second hadeeth: ‘are gushed forth . . .’ So the hadeeth does not contradict the perceived phenomenon of these rivers emanating from their well-known springs on Earth.

If this, or something similar, isn’t the meaning, then the hadeeth is one of the matters of the unseen: it is obligatory to believe in them and submit to the one informing us of them. {But no, by your Lord, they will not have faith until they make you (O Muhammad) judge in whatever disputes occur between them, and then find within themselves no discomfort over what you have judged and submit completely} [4:65].”

[nudhum al-faraa.id vol. 2 p. 460-1 / alalbaany.com]

The rivers of Paradise present in this world

Allaah commands you to be good to women

Al-Miqdaam bin Ma`dee Karib (رضي الله عنه) narrated that the Prophet ﷺ stood among the people (and gave a speech), praising Allaah then saying:

Allaah commands you to be good to women, Allaah commands you to be good to women, for they are your mothers, your daughters, your maternal aunts. A man from the People of the Book marries a woman without any thread in her hands yet neither of them parts from the other [until they both pass away in old age].”

Shaikh al-Albaani:

“His statement: without any thread in her hands’ alludes to her being young and poor. In An-Nihaayah: Al-Harbi said: i.e. due to her youth and lack of gentleness, so he would have patience with her until they would both pass away in old age. The intent was to urge his companions to follow the command regarding women and to have patience with them, i.e. the People of the Book would do that with their women.’

I say: They used to do so when they had good character and piety even with a changed religion. Today, on the other hand, they forbid divorce -which Allaah has allowed- and allow fornication and even homosexuality openly!”

[as-silsilah as-saheehah 2871/ alalbaany.com]

Allaah commands you to be good to women

Two things for the one who has taqwaa

-Advice to the Muslims to have taqwaa[1] when seeking provision, and during hardships and trials-

Shaikh al-Albaani:

“Our calamity today is that we have turned away from the main purpose for which we were created, which is: worshiping Allaah تبارك وتعالى. So most of us don’t worship Allaah, and the few who do worship Allaah don’t know how to worship Him. And one of the things we have forgotten from the preserved Qur.aan that Allaah عز وجل blessed upon us as He said: {Indeed it is We who sent down the Dhikr[2] and indeed We will be its guardian}[3]  – is (the verse): {And whoever fears Allaah and keeps his duty to Him, He will make for him a way out. And He will provide for him from where he never could imagine}.[4]

This verse has become as if it was abrogated from the Qur.aan, not written down which the Muslims recite day and night. But what is the benefit if the Qur.aan is written down in pages and mus-hafs, and that which the walls are decorated with, yet when it comes to the hearts, they are empty? Was the Qur.aan revealed for us to decorate our houses with it, recite it over our dead ones, and distance it – in terms of applying and acting upon it – from our living ones? He تعالى said: {That it (the Qur.aan) may warn whoever is alive, and that the Word (i.e. the torment) may be justified against the disbelievers}.[5] So firstly, the Qur.aan was revealed for those alive and not for those who are dead. Furthermore, it was revealed for those alive to act upon it, not decorate their houses and walls with it. So this is a verse  mentioned in the Qur.aan, but most of the Muslims – especially those whom Allaah has blessed with some wealth, who are eager to preserve it and afraid of it getting lost or robbed from them – have forgotten this verse: {And whoever fears Allaah and keeps his duty to Him, He will make for him a way out. And He will provide for him from where he never could imagine}.

This verse presents two very important things to the one who has taqwaa. Firstly, if he falls into a hardship, He will make a way out for him; and secondly, if provision becomes straitened for him, He will provide for him from where he cannot imagine. Nowadays if we fall into a hardship, perhaps one of us will disbelieve in Allaah عز وجل and he does not take refuge in Allaah, nor does he implore Him with humility, nor does he seek nearness to Him through that which He loves and is pleased with – like what had happened with some people before us, whose account our Prophet ﷺ narrated to us. It is a story that happened with some people who came before Muhammad ﷺ was sent, and our Prophet narrated the story to us so that we take it as a lesson and don’t forget, like the previous verse: {And whoever fears Allaah and keeps his duty to Him, He will make for him a way out}. The Messenger ﷺ said about these people: [Here the Shaikh narrates the hadeeth of the three men who got trapped in a cave, each one of whom thereafter supplicated to Allaah by means of their righteous deeds, after which Allaah responded to them and removed the rock that was blocking the mouth of the cave, thus relieving them].

This is an authentic hadeeth, not just a story. It is a hadeeth of al-Bukhaari and Muslim from the Messenger of Allaah ﷺ, not some story from the Israa.eeliyyaat[6] that you may hear for which Allaah did not send down any authority.”


[1] piety; fulfilling Allaah’s commands and staying away from His prohibitions
[2] “i.e. the Qur.aan and the Sunnah” – Shaikh al-Albaani, Al-Hadeethu Hujjatun bi-Nafsihi fi l-‘Aqaa.idi wa l-Ahkaam p. 20-21
[3] Surat ul-Hijr 15:9
[4] Surat ut-Talaaq 65:2-3
[5] Surat Yaa Seen 36:70
[6] narrations from the People of the Book

[silsilat ul-hudaa wa nnoor 5a/1 / asaheeha translations]

Two things for the one who has taqwaa

It is legislated to give salaam to one reciting the Qur.aan

`Uqbah bin `Aamir al-Juhani said: “We were sitting in the mosque reciting the Qur.aan when Allaah’s Messenger ﷺ entered and gave salaam to us, and we gave salaam back to him…”

Shaikh al-Albaani:

“I say: from the fiqh of this hadeeth is that it is legislated to give salaam to one who is sitting and reciting the Qur.aan. So this contains a refutation against those who hold that it is disliked, which – along with being just an opinion – opposes this hadeeth and the generality of his ﷺ statement: ‘Spread the salaam among you.’[1] And if it has been established that the Prophet ﷺ tacitly approved of the Companions’ giving him salaam while he was praying in Masjid Qubaa and he replied to them by gesturing with his noble hand,[2] then all the more reason for it to be legislated to give salaam to the one reciting the Qur.aan outside the prayer; and the reply in this case would be verbal, not a gesture, as is well known to those of understanding. And this is what an-Nawawee رحمه الله held.”

[1] Saheeh Muslim 54
[2] Silsilat ul-ahaadeeth is-saheehah 185

[silsilat ul-ahaadeeth is-saheehah 3285 / alalbaany.com]

It is legislated to give salaam to one reciting the Qur.aan