The rivers of Paradise present in this world

The rivers of Paradise present in this world

Abu Hurairah (رضي الله عنه) narrated that the Prophet ﷺ said:

1. “Sayhaan, Jayhaan, Al-Furaat (i.e. the Euphrates) and An-Neel (i.e. the Nile) are all rivers of Paradise” – Saheeh, As-Saheehah no. 110.

Abu Hurairah (رضي الله عنه) narrated that the Prophet ﷺ said:

2. “Four rivers are gushed forth from Paradise: Al-Furaat (i.e. the Euphrates), An-Neel (i.e. the Nile), As-Sayhaan and Jayhaan” – Hasan, As-Saheehah no. 111.

Anas bin Maalik (رضي الله عنه) narrated that the Prophet ﷺ said:

2. “(The tree) Sidratul-Muntahaa appeared before me in the seventh heaven; its fruits were (enormous) like jugs from (the town of) Hajar and its leaves were (enormous) like the ears of elephants. Two visible rivers and two hidden rivers were flowing out from its trunk. I said: ‘O Jibreel! What are these?’ He replied: ‘The hidden ones are in Paradise and the visible ones are the Nile and Euphrates.’” – Saheeh, As-Saheehah no. 112.

Shaikh al-Albaani:

“Furthermore, perhaps what is meant by these rivers being from Paradise is that they are originally from there, just like man is originally from Paradise; and such is indicated by the wording of the second hadeeth: ‘are gushed forth . . .’ So the hadeeth does not contradict the perceived phenomenon of these rivers emanating from their well-known springs on Earth.

If this, or something similar, isn’t the meaning, then the hadeeth is one of the matters of the unseen: it is obligatory to believe in them and submit to the one informing us of them. {But no, by your Lord, they will not have faith until they make you (O Muhammad) judge in whatever disputes occur between them, and then find within themselves no discomfort over what you have judged and submit completely} [4:65].”

[nudhum vol. 2 p. 460-1 /]

Allaah commands you to be good to women

Al-Miqdaam bin Ma`dee Karib (رضي الله عنه) narrated that the Prophet ﷺ stood among the people (and gave a speech), praising Allaah then saying:

Allaah commands you to be good to women, Allaah commands you to be good to women, for they are your mothers, your daughters, your maternal aunts. A man from the People of the Book marries a woman without any thread in her hands yet neither of them parts from the other [until they both pass away in old age].”

Shaikh al-Albaani:

“His statement: without any thread in her hands’ alludes to her being young and poor. In An-Nihaayah: Al-Harbi said: i.e. due to her youth and lack of gentleness, so he would have patience with her until they would both pass away in old age. The intent was to urge his companions to follow the command regarding women and to have patience with them, i.e. the People of the Book would do that with their women.’

I say: They used to do so when they had good character and piety even with a changed religion. Today, on the other hand, they forbid divorce -which Allaah has allowed- and allow fornication and even homosexuality openly!”

[as-silsilah as-saheehah 2871/]

Two things for the one who has taqwaa

-Advice to the Muslims to have taqwaa[1] when seeking provision, and during hardships and trials-

Shaikh al-Albaani:

“Our calamity today is that we have turned away from the main purpose for which we were created, which is: worshiping Allaah تبارك وتعالى. So most of us don’t worship Allaah, and the few who do worship Allaah don’t know how to worship Him. And one of the things we have forgotten from the preserved Qur.aan that Allaah عز وجل blessed upon us as He said: {Indeed it is We who sent down the Dhikr[2] and indeed We will be its guardian}[3]  – is (the verse): {And whoever fears Allaah and keeps his duty to Him, He will make for him a way out. And He will provide for him from where he never could imagine}.[4]

This verse has become as if it was abrogated from the Qur.aan, not written down which the Muslims recite day and night. But what is the benefit if the Qur.aan is written down in pages and mus-hafs, and that which the walls are decorated with, yet when it comes to the hearts, they are empty? Was the Qur.aan revealed for us to decorate our houses with it, recite it over our dead ones, and distance it – in terms of applying and acting upon it – from our living ones? He تعالى said: {That it (the Qur.aan) may warn whoever is alive, and that the Word (i.e. the torment) may be justified against the disbelievers}.[5] So firstly, the Qur.aan was revealed for those alive and not for those who are dead. Furthermore, it was revealed for those alive to act upon it, not decorate their houses and walls with it. So this is a verse  mentioned in the Qur.aan, but most of the Muslims – especially those whom Allaah has blessed with some wealth, who are eager to preserve it and afraid of it getting lost or robbed from them – have forgotten this verse: {And whoever fears Allaah and keeps his duty to Him, He will make for him a way out. And He will provide for him from where he never could imagine}.

This verse presents two very important things to the one who has taqwaa. Firstly, if he falls into a hardship, He will make a way out for him; and secondly, if provision becomes straitened for him, He will provide for him from where he cannot imagine. Nowadays if we fall into a hardship, perhaps one of us will disbelieve in Allaah عز وجل and he does not take refuge in Allaah, nor does he implore Him with humility, nor does he seek nearness to Him through that which He loves and is pleased with – like what had happened with some people before us, whose account our Prophet ﷺ narrated to us. It is a story that happened with some people who came before Muhammad ﷺ was sent, and our Prophet narrated the story to us so that we take it as a lesson and don’t forget, like the previous verse: {And whoever fears Allaah and keeps his duty to Him, He will make for him a way out}. The Messenger ﷺ said about these people: [Here the Shaikh narrates the hadeeth of the three men who got trapped in a cave, each one of whom thereafter supplicated to Allaah by means of their righteous deeds, after which Allaah responded to them and removed the rock that was blocking the mouth of the cave, thus relieving them].

This is an authentic hadeeth, not just a story. It is a hadeeth of al-Bukhaari and Muslim from the Messenger of Allaah ﷺ, not some story from the Israa.eeliyyaat[6] that you may hear for which Allaah did not send down any authority.”

[1] piety; fulfilling Allaah’s commands and staying away from His prohibitions
[2] “i.e. the Qur.aan and the Sunnah” – Shaikh al-Albaani, Al-Hadeethu Hujjatun bi-Nafsihi fi l-‘Aqaa.idi wa l-Ahkaam p. 20-21
[3] Surat ul-Hijr 15:9
[4] Surat ut-Talaaq 65:2-3
[5] Surat Yaa Seen 36:70
[6] narrations from the People of the Book

[silsilat ul-hudaa wa nnoor 5a/1 / asaheeha translations]

It is legislated to give salaam to one reciting the Qur.aan

`Uqbah bin `Aamir al-Juhani said: “We were sitting in the mosque reciting the Qur.aan when Allaah’s Messenger ﷺ entered and gave salaam to us, and we gave salaam back to him…”

Shaikh al-Albaani:

“I say: from the fiqh of this hadeeth is that it is legislated to give salaam to one who is sitting and reciting the Qur.aan. So this contains a refutation against those who hold that it is disliked, which – along with being just an opinion – opposes this hadeeth and the generality of his ﷺ statement: ‘Spread the salaam among you.’[1] And if it has been established that the Prophet ﷺ tacitly approved of the Companions’ giving him salaam while he was praying in Masjid Qubaa and he replied to them by gesturing with his noble hand,[2] then all the more reason for it to be legislated to give salaam to the one reciting the Qur.aan outside the prayer; and the reply in this case would be verbal, not a gesture, as is well known to those of understanding. And this is what an-Nawawee رحمه الله held.”

[1] Saheeh Muslim 54
[2] Silsilat ul-ahaadeeth is-saheehah 185

[silsilat ul-ahaadeeth is-saheehah 3285 /]

It is not permissible for a woman to pray with her feet uncovered

Q: “Should a woman cover her feet when she prays?”

Shaikh al-Albaani:

It is not permissible for her to pray with her feet uncovered, indeed it is not permissible for her to walk in the streets with her feet uncovered, because the feet are part of a woman’s `awrah based on Allaah’s عز وجل Statement: {And let them not stamp their feet to make known what they conceal of their adornment}.[1] The woman during the Days of Ignorance used to wear what is known in the Arabic language as khalkhaal (anklet), meaning a bracelet with small bells. So when the woman walked, she – in order to turn the men’s attention to her – would strike the ground with her feet so the anklet would make a noise and the men would hear that; and such was due to shaitaan’s whisperings to her.

This means that the feet used to be covered. Because of what? Because of the jilbaab that the women were commanded to cast down from over their heads, according to Allaah’s Statement: {O Prophet! Tell your wives and your daughters and the women of the believers to draw their outer garments  (jilbaabs) close upon themselves}.[2] And it is mentioned in the authentic hadeeth that the Prophet ﷺ said one day during a gathering in which there were also women: ‘Whoever drags his garment out of pride, Allaah عز وجل will not look at him on the Day of Resurrection.’ One of the women said: ‘O Messenger of Allaah, then our feet will be exposed.’ He ﷺ said: ‘let the women lengthen (their garments) by a hand-span.’ She said: ‘Then a wind will come and uncover (their feet).’ He ﷺ said: ‘let them add another hand-span, i.e. (a total of) one cubit, and not go beyond that.’[3] [4]

In this manner, the jilbaab of the Muslim woman – at the time of the revelation of the above-mentioned verse: {to draw their outer garments (jilbaabs) close upon themselves} – used to cover the feet since the socks that are widespread nowadays among both women and men were not widespread at that time. The woman used to cover her shins and feet with the long jilbaab that resembles the `abaa.ah. Therefore it is not permissible for a Muslim woman to uncover her feet while she is on the street, and it is even more impermissible for her to pray with her feet uncovered.”

[1] Surat un-Noor 24:31
[2] Surat ul-Ahzaab 33:59
[3] the Shaikh mentioned the general meaning, not the exact wording, of the woman’s speech
[4] Saheeh at-Tirmidhi 1731, Saheeh Abi Daawood 4119

[silsilat ul-hudaa wa nnoor 697/3-4 / asaheeha translations]

Allaah is the Creator of both good and evil

The Prophet ﷺ said: “If you marry a woman or buy a slave, place your hand on her forehead, say ‘bismillaah’ and supplicate for blessing and say:

اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ مِنْ خَيْرِهَا وَخَيْرِ مَا جَبَلْتَهَا عَلَيْهِ وَأَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ شَرِّهَا وَشَرِّ مَا جَبَلْتَهَا عَلَيْهِ
(O Allaah, indeed I ask You for the good in her and the good characteristics that You created in her, and I seek refuge in You from the evil in her and the evil characteristics that You created in her)

And if you buy a camel, place your hand on top of its hump and say the same.”[1]

Shaikh al-Albaani:

“This hadeeth has evidence that Allaah is the Creator of good and evil, contrary to those – such as the Mu`tazilah and others – who hold that evil is not from His creation تبارك وتعالى. There is nothing in Allaah’s being Creator of evil that contradicts His Perfection تعالى, rather it is from His Perfection تبارك وتعالى. Details of that are present in comprehensive volumes, one of the best being the book Shifaa ul-`aleel fi l-qadhaa.i wa l-qadari wa tta`leel by Ibn ul-Qayyim, so look through it if you wish.

And is this supplication legislated when buying something like a car? My answer is: yes, due to the good that is hoped from it and the evil that is feared from it.”

[1] Saheeh Abu Daawood 2160, Saheeh al-Jaami` 360 and others

[aadaab uz-zifaaf 20-21 / asaheeha translations]

A woman’s aameen, adhaan & iqaamah when praying with other women

Q: “Does a woman raise her voice when saying ‘aameen’ during prayer, and does she also give the adhaan and iqaamah?”

Shaikh al-Albaani:

If she is praying with women, then yes she raises her voice when saying ‘aameen,’ but if she is praying with men who are not her mahram, then no. Because I do not say that the voice of a woman is `awrah, as many say, since the Mothers of the believers and the wives of the Companions from the early times used to speak and discuss with men. And oftentimes the woman would come to the Prophet ﷺ and ask him something in front of the men, and he ﷺ would answer her question. But (here), it is not from the etiquette of a woman to raise her voice when reciting the Qur.aan. We are often asked if it is permissible for a woman – when she is learning the recitation from a Shaikh, a Muqri – to repeat the recitation to him so that he may correct her. The answer is no. Although she learns, her learning is restricted to listening only, like the women of all the Companions learned from the Messenger of Allaah ﷺ by listening to his recitation during prayer or outside of prayer.

If a woman prays with women while she is the imaam, she raises her voice and the women behind her also raise their voices. That is due to his ﷺ statement: ‘Indeed women are the counterparts of men’[1] i.e. every ruling in which the men are being addressed, the women are also included in this address, except that which is made an exception. For example, it is best for a woman, in other than the taraaweeh prayer – please pay attention – in other than the taraaweeh prayer, to pray in her house, whereas it is obligatory upon a man to pray the five prayers in the masjid with the congregation. So here, the woman is not like the man. But the fundamental principle is as he ﷺ said: ‘Indeed women are the counterparts of men.’

So if a woman leads women in prayer as an imaam, she does just as a man would do as an imaam. Firstly: she raises her voice when reciting and when saying ‘aameen,’ and the women behind her also raise their voices when saying ‘aameen.’ Secondly: not only does the woman lead women in prayer as an imaam, indeed she gives the adhaan and iqaamah too. Why? Because of the previous hadeeth: ‘Indeed women are the counterparts of men.’ Moreover, Aa.ishah – the Mother of the believers and the foremost of the Mothers of the believers in fiqh, knowledge and da`wah, may Allaah bless her and her father – used to give the adhaan and iqaamah when she led women in prayer as an imaam.

And here I would like to draw your attention to something that wasn’t asked about: the woman here is also different from the man as she does not step up before the women’s row, but rather she stands in the middle as if she is one of those in the row. She does not step up before them. There is text regarding this also, and thus a woman in this case is not included in the generality of his ﷺ statement: ‘Indeed women are the counterparts of men.’”

[1] Silsilat ul-Ahaadeeth is-Saheehah 2863

[silsilat ul-hudaa wa nnoor  697/3 / asaheeha translations]