Every mushrik is a kaafir and every kaafir is a mushrik

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Q: “Is every mushrik (one who associates partners with Allaah in that which is only for Him) a kaafir (disbeliever), but not every kaafir a mushrik?”

Shaikh al-Albaani:

“This is the understanding present in people’s minds save a few. I will explain that with an example: a man testifies that none has the right to be worshiped except Allaah and that Muhammad ﷺ is the Messenger of Allaah, and he prays, fasts, etc., but he denies a verse from the Qur.aan. Has this man disbelieved or not disbelieved? He has disbelieved. Has he associated partners with Allaah? That which is correct is that he has associated partners with Allaah. Every kaafir is a mushrik and every mushrik is a kaafir – there is no difference between the two words whatsoever.

Whoever disbelieves has associated partners with Allaah, and whoever associates partners with Allaah has disbelieved – there is no…

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Ruling on one who abandons the prayer – Part 1/5

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Q: “What is the ruling on the one who abandons the prayer? And what is the difference between kufr `amali (disbelief of the limbs) and kufr i`tiqaadi (disbelief of the heart)?”

Shaikh al-Albaani:

The one who abandons the prayer has two states: either he believes that the prayer is legislated or he denies it. So in this second state, he is a disbeliever by consensus of the Muslims. The same goes for whoever denies a matter that is ma`loom min ad-deen bidh-dharoorah (known by every Muslim to be part of the religion without having to study it in order to know it) – for instance, whoever denies fasting then such a person is a disbeliever, or whoever denies Hajj, or any other matter that is ma`loom min ad-deen bidh-dharoorah. So there is no difference of opinion about this: whoever denies the prayer’s being legislated is…

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A woman who has to make up many fasts and Ramadhaan comes in . . .

Q: “What should a woman do if she has to make up fasts from many years, she only makes up a few fasts before the next Ramadhaan comes in and so on?”

Shaikh al-Albaani:

“She has to continue making up the fasts and hasten to do so lest death should come to her (before she is able to make them up).”

[silsilat ul-hudaa wa nnoor 694/5 / alalbaany.com]

It is not legislated to raise hands for the extra takbeers of Eid & Janaazah prayers

Q: “For the Eid and Janaazah prayers, is it legislated to raise the hands with the takbeers (besides the first one)?”

Shaikh al-Albaani: “No, it is not legislated.”[1]

[1] in reference to the Janaazah prayer in particular, the Shaikh – after saying that he didn’t find any evidence in the Sunnah for this being legislated and so does not consider it being legislated – also mentioned: “Al-Bayhaqee narrated (4/44) with an authentic chain of narration from Ibn ‘Umar that he used to raise his hands with every takbeer of the Janaazah prayer. So whoever thinks that he would not do that except due to it being established from the Prophet ﷺ, then he may raise his hands” (Ahkaam ul-Janaa.izi wa Bida’uhaa, p.148)

[silsilat ul-hudaa wa nnoor 428/18 / asaheeha translations]

A woman is allowed to take public transportation or a taxi by herself given that . . .

Q: “What is the ruling on a woman riding with a driver or taking public transportation by herself?”

Shaikh al-Albaani:

“If there is mixing with men then the ruling is clear: it’s not allowed. But if: 1) there is no mixing, 2) the woman is safe and won’t be abducted as occurs in some places, 3) there is no travelling involved – then it is allowed, otherwise no.”

Q: “What about riding in a taxi by herself with a driver?”

Shaikh al-Albaani:

“If the driver is known (to be trustworthy) and religious, and they are in the middle of the city, there is no objection.”

Q: “This isn’t khalwah (the prohibited seclusion between a man and a woman), right?”

Shaikh al-Albaani:

“No, it’s not khalwah.”[1]


[1] khalwah in terms of the Legislation is only when the place (where the man and woman are secluded together) is screened such that those outside cannot see what is happening inside” – Shaikh al-Albaani, fataawaa jeddah 24/16

[silsilat ul-hudaa wa nnoor 565/8 / asaheeha translations]

Ruling on one who is sick and cannot fast for Ramadhaan

Q: “What should someone who is ill and unable to fast during Ramadhaan do?”

Shaikh al-Albaani:

“If the doctors said that this ill person will probably be cured, then he does not offer any expiation, but rather waits until he is cured inshaa.Allaah and makes up the missed fasts. And if the doctors said that he will probably not be cured, then he expiates for each day by feeding a poor person.”

[silsilat ul-hudaa wa nnoor 212/7 / asaheeha translations]